Sport volleyball originated in the United States, and is now just beginning to achieve the kind of popularity in the United States that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer among participation sports.
In 1895, William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Mass., decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game Volleyball (at that time called mintonette).
Per Morgan, the game was suitable for the gym or training hall, but can also be played outdoors. The piece consisted of a number of players holding a ball moving from one side to the other over a network raised 6 feet 6 inches above the floor. Play is started by a player on one side serving the ball over the net into the opponents’ field or court. Opponents then, without letting the ball hit the floor, return it, and it is in this way kept going back and forth to one side fails to return the ball or the ball hits the floor. The page serves the ball earns points when opposite either fails to return the ball or let the ball to hit the floor.
During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net, and perhaps “volleyball” would be a more descriptive name for the sport.
The rules, established by Morgan:
- Game. The game will consist of three rounds
- Inning. An inning shall consist of: when a person plays on each side, a service every side; when two players on each side, two services each side; when three players each side, three services each side. The man serving continues to do so until the failure of his side to return the ball. Every man should serve in turn.
- Court. The court or area should be 25 feet wide and 50 feet long, divided into two square courts, 25 feet by 25 feet with a net. Four feet from the net on each side and parallel to it should be a line across the pitch, dribbling line. Limit lines shall be marked so that it is visible from all parts of the court. Note: The exact size of the dish can be changed to suit the convenience of the location.
- Net. The net shall be at least two feet wide and 27 feet long and will be suspended from pillars placed at least one foot outside the sidelines. The top of the net shall be six feet six inches from the floor.
- Ball. The ball should be a rubber bladder covered with leather or canvas. It will measure not less than 25 inches, and no more than 27 inches in circumference and weighing no less than nine ounces or more than twelve ounces.
- Server and service. The server should stand with one foot on the back line. The ball must be batted with the hand. Two services or attempts allowed him to score in the opponent’s half. The server can serve to the opponent’s court at no place. In service, the ball batted at least 10 feet, no dribbling allowed. A service that would turn the net, but being hit by another of the same page before striking the net, if it goes into the opponent’s court, is good, but if it were to go off, the server no second trial.
- Scoring. Each good service unreturned or ball in play unreturned next receiver counting a score since serving. A side only scores when serving, as a failure to return, counting for the opposite side. The ball hits the net on first service shall be called dead, and counts as a trial.
- Net Ball. A player who hits the net, but the first service is called a net ball, and is equivalent to a failure to return, counting for the opposite side. The ball hits the net on first service shall be called dead, and counts as a trial.
- Line Ball. A line ball is a ball that hit the boundary line. This corresponds to an out of court, and counts as such.
- Games and players. A number of players can participate as appropriate to the place. A player should be able to cover about 10 by 10 feet. If a player during play touch the net, it puts the ball out of play and count against his side. If a player catches or hold for a moment the ball, it is out of play and counts for the opposite side. If the ball hits an object other than the floor and tied back into play, it remains in play.
After reaching Japan and Asia through the YMCA network by 1896, a project project designed specially ball overcame to be by 1900, and over the next 20 years, rules were set into place. The Philippines created the “set” and “spike” in 1916 and six-a-side play was the standard two years later. By 1920, the rules mandating three hits per side and back-row attacks were instituted.
Japan, Russia and the United States whenever national volleyball associations during the 1920s. And when American soldiers brought the game overseas during WWII, sport spread throughout the rest of Europe as wildfire. Shortly after, France recognized sport nationally. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) made the game a non-Olympic sport in 1949 and the first World Championship for men was held in the same year. The women’s first world-level competition came three years later.
The Russians would dominate the sport until the mid-1980s with some challenge from Japan under stint. USA finally made its mark as the men’s team won back-to-back gold medals in Los Angeles (1984) and Seoul (1988).
With beach volleyball steal some of the spotlight away from indoor, were certain traditions fell Sydney Games. Replacing the previous system where only serving team could earn one, a point to be at stake for each rally. In addition, another agile defender called a “libero,” which is free to replace the back-row defense almost every turn was
Today there are more than 46 million Americans who play volleyball. Globally, there are over 800 million people playing volleyball at least once a week.The volleyball introduced to the world in 1895 was brought to Sri Lanka in 1916 after Voltor Cameck, then Director of Physical Education of the Association of Colombo Young Men Christian. Although 1916 was declared the year in which the volleyball game introduced to Sri Lanka, there is no specific record in the history of the exact date of the introduction of such a game. However, according to the monthly bulletin issued by the Association of Colombo Young Men Christian in the months of April and May in 1916, proves that Volleyball has been introduced in May 1916.
Nevertheless, volleyball introduced to Sri Lanka in 1916 was popularized very quickly and volleyball teams were formed. A number of volleyball matches played in Iceland and the game was popularized largely. The Federation of Sri Lanka Volleyball was formed on September 4, 1951and thus volleyball received official recognition. Sir Richard Aluvihara was the first president of the Federation of Sri Lanka Volleyball.
T. C. Anandaappa and D. Rajadurai were the first secretaries of the Federation respectively. Since then until now, 16 presidents and 21 secretaries have been in Sri Lanka Volleyball Federation.
The period 1983-1986 where Charita Rathwatta served as president of the Board of Control for volleyball and the period 2005-2015 where Dilan Perera served as president of the Federation may be introduced as an amendment era of volleyball in Sri Lanka.
Charita Rathwatta who wrote an article for “Volleyball News ‘in December 1986, where he was hired by the Presidency came to end, has brought the volleyball game against recognition from village level to the international level under the current” Volleyball Steering Committee’. We expect not to mention about the programs we have implemented for volleyball. If volleyball game in this country has achieved its progressive ride up to now, it’s courageousness and confidence to those involved in this field. These yarns have come to so much of distance through a very difficult journey. We are happy at the moment of passing the time by current Volleyball Steering Committee, about our attempt to place the volleyball game in this country in a higher rank where it now stands. After this, the period 2005-2015 by Dilan Perera come.
As Dilan Perera mentioned in the opening ceremony of the 10th Asian Youth Volleyball Championship conducted at Colombo Sugathadasa Sports Complex on August 5, 2014, “provides permanent sponsorship for volleyball game especially coordinate private intuitions, giving senior, junior, young players volleyball and beach volleyball with experience Sri Lanka has so far gained in international matches, providing job opportunities for players, Sri Lanka senior men’s team, junior women’s team, junior team qualify for the super eighth round in the Asian circuit, receiving the highest international medals in volleyball and beach volleyball games, be exceeded the participation of 5,000 teams in NM, President Gold Cup and DSI School games, conducting other national federations for volleyball, introducing Family Concept of volleyball thereby linking everyone involved in volleyball game parties are important improvements added Sri Lanka volleyball his time.
In addition to this, got Sri Lanka Volleyball Federation a permanent office in the period 1987-1989 by Roni de Mel, the former Minister of Finance, where he served as a President and a Regional Training Center for the International Federation of Volleyball given to this Federation for volleyball. During the time of Asoka Wadigamagawa, the former State Minister of Land, where he served as president of the Federation of Sri Lanka Volleyball from 1990-1992, Sri Lanka won the first gold medal in an international game. It is the gold medal won in Vth South Asian Games held in Colombo in 1991 by Sri Lanka women’s volleyball team under captain ship of Renuka Abegunawardena Yapa. This is the time where volleyball game got the highest respect among those eras. This is the time where volleyball game was declared a National Game of Sri Lanka with the approval of C. Nanda Mathew, former Minister of Sports based on a proposal brought by a sub-committee under the leadership of Dr. Vini Witharana. Erandika Weliangage and A.S. Nalaka works respectively as President and Secretary of the present Federation of Sri Lanka Volleyball.
The first National Volleyball Team was formed in Sri Lanka in 1955. Since then, nationally, 42 men and 26 women Teams Teams have been formed so far. Furthermore, 13 Junior Men Teams, 11 Junior Women’s Team 05 boys youth teams and 03 girls teams Juvenile has been formed. Since then and until now, has 175 athletes and 129 sportswomen been able to win Sri Lanka Colours for Volleyball. 149 junior athletes and 132 sportswomen has represented national Junior Teams. 60 sportsmen and 36 sportswomen has represented National Youth Boys and Girls Teams respectively.